THE CHRISTIAN SCIENC

Registered in U. 8. Patent Office AN INTERNATIONAL DAILY NEWSPAPER

- =

E MONITOR |

7

VOLUME 44 NO. 292

COPYRIGHT 1952 BY . THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY

BOSTON,

THURSDAY,

NOVEMBER 6, 1952

** ATLANTIC EDITION

TWO SECTIONS

FIVE CENTS A COPY

~ Post-Election Herter Smiles

Associated Press

Governor-elect Christian A. Herter and Mrs. Herter exult over congratulatory which flowed in after his 18,495-margin victory

*

over telegrams

Governor gubernatorial election, The Governor-elect takes office in January,

‘i

Dever in the Massachusetts

Herter Weighs State Needs

By Edgar M. Mills | New England Political Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor Governor-Elect Christian A. Herter, still keyed up by his whisker-close election triumph over Governor Dever,,;now faces gigantic tasks growing out of MTA financial problems, state finances. continuation of the road-building program, and in- dustrial competitive position. Between now and his January _ §mauguration, the Governor-elect “| must plan his legislative program to solve big state problems, de- velop means of adequately fi- mancing state operations without detriment to the state’s industry and its workers.

Unlike Governor Dever, he

_. will have a party majority in

both legislative branches. But that legislative majority sets on GOP shoulders complete respon- sibility for the state’s program for the next two years. Unlike Governor Dever, Mr. Herter will not be able to shunt to the op- posing party blame for lack of progress for his plans.

* Change in Climate

It is certain, however, that the political climate on Beacon Hill

will be considerably changed. | “The fact that the Republicans also control the new Executive Council 7 to 1 and will occupy the lieutenant governor’s chair and the attorney general’s office will aid the administration con- siderably.

As yet the Governor-elect is not ready to present detailed pro- posals for meeting various state problems. Those will be evolved out of concentrated study and conierences with experts in Var- jous fields.

At a press conference Mr. Herter asserted his No. 1 objective will be to “maintain an atmos-

ere and climate chusetts to hold industry” and to encourage industrial expansion.

A major Herter campaign theme was that under Governor Dever Massachusetts has built up a climate hostile to industry, with a@ resulting loss of jobs for Bay State workers.

Thus in his coming administra-

in Massa--*

tion, which opens with the inau- guration on Jan, 8, he hopes to encourage industrial develop- ment and thus to create new job opportunities.

He told newspapermen that he would consult outstanding trans- portation experts on the MTA problem, would continue’ the highway - construction program and seek revision of taxes in the industrial field,

Of state officials and employ- ees, Mr. Herter ‘indicated there would be no wholesale firings. Yet he sternly warned: “I will examine things from the inside and will protect qualified per- sons. But I make no bones about it, there’ll be short shrift for those guilty of malfeasance in office.”

Wisdom of Republican leaders in the last Legislature in insist- ing on the new $200,000,000 road bond issue being made effective on Jan. 15, 1953, is now shown. With this proviso in the bond issue measure no commitments under it can be made until after the new administration takes office.

While Mr. Herter said he planned to continue the road pro- gram, he said details would have to wait until after he examines the finances of the Department of Public Works. . 7

Tax Revision Likely

As regards state finances, the Governor-elect said, “I have no enthusiasm for adding any more to taxes. I hope very much that the finances of the government warrant lowering taxes. I will seek, however, a revision of taxes in the industrial field.”

He also hopes to bring about a reduction in. expenditures, but said “how quickly this can be brought about is impossible to tell.”

Mr. Herter would not commit himself on the possibility of oust- ing Henry F. Long, State Com- missioner of Corporations and Taxation, but he did assert: “l have no sympathy with the tac- ties of harassing taxpayers on minor matters.”

An interesting feature of the Herter adminjst-ation will be the

we

Fingold Gets Highest Vote In History of Bay State

The World's Day

Bay State: 1,294,871

Votes Cast for Fingold

Attorney General-elect George F. Fingold of Concord polled the highest vote in the history of Massachusetts, 1,294,871 votes, in defeating Attorney General Francis E. Kelly in the Nov, 4

election.

In Europe: Polish Exile Hails Ike’s Victory

Lt. Gen. Wladyslaw Anders, wartime commander of free Polish forces under General Eisenhower, said the election of the gen- eral as President of the United States raised hopes among Polish exiles “that the day of liberation of their country is near.” [Page

5.J

Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s government has introduced Bills in Parliament to turn ownership of the nationalized truck- ing and steel industries back to private industry,

Washington: Morse Praises Truman Record

Senator Morse of Oregon, who bdited the Republican Party to support Adlai Stevenson, wired President Truman: “Your record is an indelible one in the history of our country while that of your detractors will soon fade away.”

combination on Beacon Hill, While Mr, Herter was winning the Governor's chair, his son, Christian A. Her- ter, Jr., won a second term as state representative.

Young “Chris” will thus be in a difficult position in the House. Whenever he speaks on the floor he will be regarded as speaking for his gubernatorial father, He will have to be extremély~cau- tious in his House. operations. Usually young “Chris” operates along a liberal Republican line, which might prove embarassing if it were to be followed during his father’s administration as Governor.

So the operations of the son in the Massachusetts House will be under close scrutiny during the next two years, probably much to his discomfort at times.

Plans No Vacation

Meanwhile, Governor - Elect Hertér plans no extended vaca- tion, He plans to get away for a few days around Thanksgiving Day. He expects to go to Wash- ington shortly to close his con- gressional office.

Analysis of the election figures show that Governor Dever lost the election in the industrial cities, where the heavy Demo- cratic vote lies. A cross section of several such cities proves that his 1950 margins in New Bedford, Fall River, Lowell, Lawrence and others were substantially cut.

In other cities such as Spring- field, Worcester, and Brockton the voters gave Mr. Herter a plurality compared to a sizeable Dever margin two years ago.

The results indicate that labor organization rank-and-filers and others were not convinced by union leader and Democratic claims that “they never had it so good.” It is certain Governor Dever failed to get anything like a solid labor vote. The election again proves labor union: mem- bers do not vote as a block.

Of course, there is no doubt Mr. Herter’s election was also substantially aided by the pres- ence of Dwight D. Eisenhower's name on the ticket. But probably the major factor was that a large segment of the Massachusetts voting public turned against the Deve? type of government, with its “pardon the inconvenience” Signs, its constantly mounting costs, its addiction to putting po- litical cronies into top offices.”

father-and-son

‘Ike’ Accepts Bid to Truman Parley Coalitions Due to Rule New Congress

State of the Nations:

By the Associated Presse

Augusta, Ga,

”. Gen, Dwight D. Eisenhower has accepted President Truman's suggestion for a confer- ence on the problem of peace, and he has proposed that the meeting be held in the week

beginning Nov. 17.

The President-elect. said he needs some time for “conversations and conferences lead- ing up to the designation of important assistants.”

By Roscoe Drummond

Chief of the Washington News Bureau of The Christian Science Monitor

, - Above all Republicans ever elected to the presidency, Gen. Dwight D. Elise

Washington

Southern Line-Up Eyed

By Richard Staff Correspondent of The

L. mei Christiar@Bcience Monitor Washington

The United States will have a continuation.of coalition gov-

ernment for at least two years.

This is because the American

voter split his ballot to a degree unparalleled in modern times and gave President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower a thumping majority but did not give him adequate party tools with which

to work in Congress in the way

of big ‘majorities.

The election carried out advance interpretations of poll

takers that the public likes the

war hero General Eisenhower

nhower today but still distrusts the long-unfamiliar Republican Party in

possesses the poelitical stature and .a political mandate to unite his party’s canflicting ele- representing its economic interest. It, will be the task of the ments and to give decisive leadership to the nation.

No President has ever’ gone to office with such a commanding popular vote as the Ameri- can people have given to General Eisenhower.

Because his majority so decisively exceeds that by : elected to Congress, it is within the general’s power to lead the Republican. Party and not to presidential

be led by any one faction within it.

Because more Americans went to the polls than ever before in political history, General Congress.

which his Republican associates were

Republicans to dissipate this suspicion.

The result in Congress is a condition that almost amounts to a split election verdict—in dramatic contrast to the usual landslide sweep in the Legislature that goes with a winning

candidate. Gen- eral Eisenhower will just hold There will be a

Eisenhower's popular vote is far greater than that which ever elevated any Republican— modest majority in the House or any Democrat—to the White House.

Already the bitterness and excesses of the presidential campaign are being washed away the Senate of one or two votes.

in the appeals for unity which have come from the leaders of both parties.

Orderly Transfer Due

There will be an early and or- derly transfer of the executive responsibilities of the government to the Eisenhower administration.

Conferences between President Truman and President-elect

Eisenhower and the general’s aides will begin with the Bureau of the Budget and continue with the Defense Department. and with the Department of State long before General Eisenhower and his cabinet take office Jan. 20.

The general made an immedi- ate and noteworthy contribution to smoothing the relations be- tween himself and the outgoing administration by not replying in kind to what looked like a rather curt, almost peremptory telegram which Mr. Truman dis- patched to him while he was en route from Independence, Mo., to Washington,

Evidently the President could not resist making one final crack at General Eisenhower's cam- paign announcement that he would make an on-the-spot re- view of the situation in Korea if elected. In his telegram offer- ing the general the use of the President’s airplane, the Inde- pendence, Mr. Truman added, “If you still desire to go to Korea.”

Key Objectives Traced

There are important objec- tives to the forthconing confer- ences between the President and the President-elect:

To demonstrate the basic unity of the American people to the rest of the world—as reassur- ance to the free nations and as notice to the Soviet Union.

To discuss the grave problems confronting the country in for- eign affairs and try to achieve common policies during the crit- ical meetings of the United Na- tions which continue during the 10 weeks before the Republicans formally take office,

It deserves to be noted that Mr. Truman was gracious, cor- dial, and constructive in the sec- ond statement which he issued on the results of the election, This he read himself to news- paper correspondents, photogra- phers and newsreel cameramen at his office in the White House.

In it he pledged whole-hearted cooperation with the new Presi- dent in dealing with the problems which may suddenly arise in the next two months and assured the general that the officials of the government will willingly work with representatives Gen- eral Eisenhower cares to name.

He asked the whole country to back the incoming administra- tion and pledged that he would do the same. The substance and spirit of the President’s state-

National Vote Totals

By the Associated Press

Washington

Of the nation’s 146,361 voting units, all but 6,452 had been tabulated. by daybreak today. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower had piled up a vote total of 32,497,888, compared to 26,158,658 for Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson, his Democratic opponent.

In the Electoral College, Eisenhower had won 442 votes, com-

pared with 89 for Stevenson. including

over to Stevenson,

Some states might yet swing possibly Tennessee, but it

seemed unlikely, And Kentucky might yet go to Eisenhower.

The Republican majorities in both houses of Congress are very thin indeed—48 to 47 in the Senate and, at this moment, 220 to 214 in the House, Seven races in the House have not been decided yet, but Democrats are leading in all of those contests. If they all win, the 220-214 alignment will result.

Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon holds the key to whether the Republicans will have a working majority in the organiza- tion of the Senate. He was elected a Republican, but bolted the party to support Governor Stevenson.

if he lines up avith the Democrats, the alignment will be 48-48, with Vice-President Richard M. Nixon having the op- portunity to resolve the tie in favor of the Republicans.

Republicans boosted their lead over the Democrats in the

state gubernatorial mansions from 10 to 12.

Related stories: Pages 4, 9, 11, and 17.

ment are contained in these few sentences from it:

“IT accept the decision as rep- resenting the will of the people, and I shall give my support to the government they have se- lected. I ask all my fellow citi- zens to do the same.

“The new administration and the new Congress will face ex- tremely difficult problems, par- ticularly. in the field of foreign affairs, The proper solution of those problems may determine whether we shall have a third world war—and, indeed, wheth- er we shall survive as a free and democratic nation,

“We must support our gov- ernment in the measures that are necessary to protect our freedom and achieve peace in the world even though the way be long and hard,

“IT stand ready to do all that lies within my power to facili- tate the orderly transfer of the business of the executive branch of the government to the new administration.

“IT express my admiration and gratitude to Governor Stevenson for the campaign which he con- ducted, He lived up to the finest traditions of our democracy.”

With only 8 per cent of the vote unreported, General Ejisen- hower’s popular vote already is over 31,800,000, which is well above the previous high of 27,- 751,591 set by President Roose- velt in 1936 and record of 22,- 305,198 won by Wendell L. Willkie in 1940.

President-Elect Eisenhower's percentage of the popular vote is 55.4, higher than President Roosevelt’s 53.8 in 1944 but lower than the latter’s winning percent- ages in 1932, 1936, and 1940, which were 59.1, 62.5, and 55.

A survey of some 30 Ejisen-

hower campaign speeches and statements coupled with cam- paign points made by his for- eign-policy advisers forecast these foreign-policy principles and moves by the Eisenhower administration:

Objectives: Peace without ap- peasement; weakening of Soviet control over satellite countries; preventing new Communist vic- tories; and building free world étrength to prevent war.

Communist Issue Communist China - Formosa: Resourceful and imaginative ef- fort taking several years is re- quired to “undo the disaster” of Communist domination of China. Chinese Nationalist troops on Formosa should guard the island instead of going to Korea to fight. Elsewhere in Asia: The United States will work more closely with free Asian nations, Defense pacts on the pattern of the North Atlantic Treaty in Western Eu-

rope are required, Japan must be helped to find new markets.

Allies: Tighten existing bonds with Allies in Europe, South America, Middle East, Asia, and Africa. World trade must be in- creased. A new economic ailli- ance must be built and Point Four technical help must be in- creased to cut the need for Amer- ican dollar “handouts.”

United Nations: Increased American support by § using “greater statesmanship” that would further the cause of peace.

Bipartisan cooperation: Great- er cooperation with leaders of the Democratic Party by making them “real members in formu-

lating our basic foreign policies.” | '

Unanimous Vote tor Vacation

and a razor-edge majority in

s Tough Task Faced

General Eisenhower will pre- side in Washington, as he did in winning victory in Europe, over a coalition rather than an inte- grated party. Only by the most astute tuse of personality, pres- tige, and patronage can the new President get through any co- ordinated program, or maintain control of the situation.

General Eisenhower’s “politi- cal honeymoon” now begins.

This ifterval is a _ definite phenomenon in American politics. It is a period in which well- wishers say nice things about the successful candidate and oppo- nents withhold criticism. It is apt to be long or brief. depend- ing on the degree of’ controver- Sial measures the new President sends to Congress. ~

An American President, at best, has a next-to-impossible time. His honeymoon is apt to last about three to six months after he is once sworn in. It is recalled that President Truman received praise from practically every quarter seven years ago when he entered office, His popu- larity rating was up to 80 per cent as long as he did not do anything. As soon as he had to begin to take definite stands, his popularity rating and support fell away,

Log Rolling Looms

General Eisenhower enters the presidency as a popular hero and he brings the Republican Party in with him, but the legislative result shows that he will not have a working majority in either house sufficient to assure stability of control. This means that on practically every bill in- troduced, a new coalition will form around the particular meas- ure. The prospectS are not too bright under this system for, lacking effective party control, a tendency to trade support results, with “log rolling.”

There is another rule in Amer- ican politics which may or may not hold true for General Eisen- hower but must be considered by Republicans in making plans to entrench themselves after their long absence, The midterm elec- tion (1954) almost invariably

goes against the party which won

the presidency two years before. This is the normal reaction against the “‘coat-tail riders” who got in on the presidential victor’s popularity. The Republicans must start planning immediately to assure their popularity and knit the bonds of the new co- alition against this next problem.

Most important hope for the Republicans seems to be to team

—_—

up with southern conservatives and make partners of the Solid South which General Eisenhower has now—once and for all— cracked.

Many of the most important southern leaders like Senators Harry Flood -Byrd of Virginia and Walter F. George of Georgia are well to the right of Senator Robert A. Taft (R) of Ohio, and logically belong in the Republi- can Party. But the racial issue, long custom, and historical evo- lution put them in Democratic ranks, They are increasingly res- tive under Roosevelt-Truman- Stevenson.

If the Republicans can really coalesce permanently with south- ern conservatives, they may found a coalition as difficult to crack as the New Deal itself, created on the other side by President Reosevelt.

Any objective view of. the forthcoming situation makes the problem of President-Elect Eisenhower appear difficult.

South Carolina Cited

One instance gives an illus- tration. General Eisenhower came within a hair’s breadth of Carrying South Carolina.

But the issue in South Caro- lina was in behalf of schoo] seg- regation, passionately advocated by Governor Byrnes, a supporter of General Eisenhower. General Eisenhower, in turn, has made a pledge to end all segregation in the District of Columbia.

Whichever way the general now moves, he is bound to make some enemies. His coalition in Congress almost certainly won’t Jet an antisegregation bill through. This is typica] of many situations.

The election appears decisive on one issue—the $40,000,000,000 offshore (tideland) oil feserves which the Supreme Court allo- cated to the federal] government and all the citizens now will go back to the ownership of the three adjacent states, Texas, California, and Louisiana. Presi- dent Truman vetoed a bill to this purpose, General Eisenhower with his strong faith in states’ rights has promised to approve the measure.

A group of half a dozen to a dozen State Department officials previously blacklisted by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (R) of Wis- consin almost certainly will be thrown out, including such fig- ures as John Carter Vincent, Minister to Switzerland, and Dr. Philip C. Jessup, Ambassador-at- large. Wholesale changes in dip- lomats are, in any event, the usual sequel to a change of party in Washington, and communism

was an effective GOP issue in many states.

Dulles Seen Sueeessor

To Acheson in Cabinet

By Neal

Staff Correspondent of The Washington

John Foster Dulles emerges as

twee | the most probable successor to

Dean Acheson as Secretary of

: A State.

This is not to say that FPres-

nS dident - Elect Dwight D. Ejisen-

hower eithe> has made the deci- sion to name Mr. Dulles to this top post in the Cabinet or that he is in some way committed to name Mr. Dulles to that job. Mr. Dulles, however, heads the

list of prospective secretaries of

state for more reasons than favor

the choice of any of the other

names under discussion.

He was the genezal’s closest adviser on foreign policy durinz the campaign.

He largely shaped the plank in

. the GOP’s platform on foreign

policy at the convention last

summer,

Stanford

Christian Science Monitor

a presidential election, Mr. Dulles unquestionably would have been his first Cabinet officer.

Dewey in Line?

There is speculation in Wash- ington that Governor Dewey himself might be the general's

new Secretary of State. For Gov- ernor Dewey has been brushing up on foreign affairs, and his recent trip to the Orient gave him firsthand insight into the prob- lems of that confusing but ime- portant area of the world. However, Governor Dewey is himself somewhat obligated to Mr. Dulles, particularly for his support and advice in past elec- tion campaigns. Also Governor Dewey appears to have ruled himself out for a Cabinet post at present by repeated assertions he intended to fill out his four-year

F »|Experienced Diplomat

He is an experienced diplomat with years of training in negotia- tion at foreign ministers’ parleys, - 4| United Nations debates, and was _ | Principal architect of the Japan- ~~ |ese Peace Treaty.

A He actively campaigned for the general, particularly attacking |_| administration foreign policy for » | its improvisations and failures.

With the passing of Senato’' Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) o! Michigan, Mr. Dulles became the acknowledged GOP spokesman for bipartisanship in foreign

On top of these formidable

arguments, it is also generally

that Mr. Dulles has

for years had the desire at some “jxe” to run for the presidency.

time to be Secretary of State. |

Had New York’s Gov. Thomas Lodge looms as Cabinet E. Dewey ever been able to win choice: Page 8.

term as Governor,

Some talk has it that Mr. Dulles would become Secretary of State for the immediate fu- ture, with Governor Dewey. tak- ing over when he winds up his work at Albany.

The New. York Governor is counted on to play an important ‘art in the Eisenhower admin- ‘stration, whether it be in a top Cabinet post or behind the scenes,

The only other two names ‘that ‘ave been circulated as ai possi- ble Secretary of State are "aul Hoffman, former ECA chief and Eisenhower supporter from the start, and the defeated Massachue setts Republican senator, Henry

ibot Lodge, Jr., who took the lead last spring in persuading

National: Warren Weighs Nixon Successor

Gov. Earl Warren will appoint a soythern California Republican to |) * succeed Senator Richard M. Nixon, the Vice-President-elect. | Attention focused on State Controller Thomas H. Kuchel and fie Assemblyman Laughlin Waters, : eee

Far East: Japan to Train Fighter-Bomber Pilot:

Japan will train 500 fighter and bomber pilots under its 1953 pro- gram, and raise its combined army-marine force from 70,000 to 118,000, John Allison, United States Assistant Secretary of Stat announced in Tokyo. .

Americas: Puerto Rican Governor Is Reelecte

Gov. Luis Munoz Marin of Puerto Rico has been reelected for another four-year term, final returns showed. Governor Munoz : powerful popular Democratic Party scored a sweeping victory in which all of its 23 senatorial and 47 House candidates were The party also carried all 76 municipal councils in the island. |

and his family head

carries his granddaughter Ann, up ramp | : Mrs.

Weather Predictions: Cloudy, Colder (Details Page 8) ? | Nov. 6, 1952

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THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1952

ere ~——

Central African Federation Eyed as Stabilizing Unit Indo-American Project To Study Cosmic Rays

. By Gordon Graham

By Noel Mostert Special to The Chri ence Monitor Nairobi, Kenya A proposed Central Alfrigan Federation is seen here and in other parts of Africa at a major hope for this troubled continent. The Federation initially would involve Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nvasa- ‘land. But interest in it reaches far beyond these territories and is keenly felt also in Kenya and Tanganyika, and, surprisingly 'enough, in South Africa. | Liberal opmion in South Af- lrica believes that Federation | would bring a fresh balance to | Africa. In many ways i could offset the current political insta- bility in the Union. Main argument for Federation

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economic, The great land- locked state would stand as ‘a strong backbone to continental development, industrially and agriculturally. In turn, this could mean social uplift ior the mil- lions of still primitive people who snatch a living from oda corners of this vast territory on the edge of the Equator. What of Communism?

But a more vital question for the West in Africa whether that continent with its

untold natural wealth, will emerge as a powerful reserve of sympathy and resources in the fight against communism and for humanitarianism.

Federation would help consid- erably, it is said, in affirming that need The. basic economic arguments

Federation are simple. It link the

todav

Is

of would

Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasa- land—a British colony and two ‘“protectorates’—and, in the boom of development that, it is pre- sumed, would follow, the benefits derived from union would spread to neighboring territories, Individually, the territdPies concerned are weak. Southern Rhodesia is the strongest. Nyasa- land, because of its larger popu-

lation, supplies mast of the labor

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for Southern Rhodesia’s ary industries and Rhodesia’s famed centered on Ndola. Big tasks await the strength that federation

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‘these people

,among African

‘South Africa have favor among whites as far north |

| organization’s anti-European ter-

fined

is needed in existing agricultural

regions where too often the soil |

is dangerously denuded by over-

stocking and vrimitive ways of |

cultivation. Great new areas .

must be opened to farming, both

to encourage new population

from Europe and to offer more room to the indigenous peoples.

Existing waterways must be

tapned, and the great volume of,

waiter which normally runs to waste during the rainy seasons must be conserved to help in the irrigation of new lands. The age- old menace of African livestock producers, tsetse fly, must be cleaned out of existing farmlands and new areas,

Mineral resources must be ex- ploited. Above all, Africa must be educated, methodically, in the ways of civilization.

African education, a&S pursued manv of these regions under

Colonial Office’ direction, leads a few Africans slowly through higher education and into intimate knowledge of mod- ern civil and government service,

Africans Ready?

The evidence is that mast Afri-

in

cans are not. yet ready, or pfe-_ pared, to accept responsibility of |

administering themselves and

their territories, Tribal feuds and | the increasing influence of witche |

doctors are two disturbing ele- ments which already can noted in some areas, Colonia] Office officials are un- comfortably aware that a growe ing nucleus of African intelli- gentsia—teachers. doctors, yers, and _ politicians—which would produce leadership for any administrative offer rectly to Africans, moving toward the munist camp. Energetic Communist cells central Africa have offered to the best-sounding

has been

promises,

In particular, the Communists have exploited an intense fear leaders of the supplanting of the comparative liberalism of the British Colonia! Office by governments of settlers.

There can be no denying that Dr. Daniel F, Malan policies in won as Kenya, where the Mau Mau

oe

Two U.S. Natural Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Physics

By the Associated Press

Stockholm

Two United States natural scientists have been awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize in physics for their development of a new re- method to mieasure mag- netic fields in atomic nuclei.

The winners are Dr. Felix Bloch of Stanford University, and Dr, Edward Mills Purcell, a Har- vard University physicist who

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rorist activity is building intense anti-African sentiment.

To the circumstances a Cen- tral African Federation to offer an opportunity for the planting of a new partnership between the races. It could be a working model of harmony, the fruits of which not only would be reaped by Africa but by the world at large.

Without Federation, there is little doubt that by economic, i! not political persuasion, South- ern Rhodesia in a short while would join South Africa. There would then be no effective alter- native to extreme South African racial policies,

te

——

helped develop radar

» World War I.

Francois Mauriac, noted French Roman Catholic author, was an- nounced earlier as winner of the annual prize for literature. Pre- viously, the committee for the peace prize had announced that none would be given this vear.

Another American, Dr, Selman A. Waksman, was named lasi month to receive the prize in medicine for his work in the dis- covery of streptomycin.

Fath of the prizes carries a cash award of 171,134 Swedish crowns ($33,037), Drs. Bloch and Purcell will share the physics cash prize between them, but the other winners will receive full

‘awards.

The formal presentation of the prizes will be: made by King Gustav Adolf of Sweden at tra- ditional Nobel ceremonies here Dec. 10.

Drs, Bloch and Purcell devel- oped their prize-winning method of measuring magnetic fields in atomic nuclei independently of each other, The technique en- abled atomic scientists to increase a thousandfold the precision of measurements of fundamental importance to the study of the structure of atomic nuclei.

This technique is know as the nuclear induction method. It unrivaled thus far for precision among all other methods used by atomic scientists.

Dr, Purcell has been associated with the Harvard University physics department continuously since 1936. He received his S.B. from Purdue University in 1933 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1938. During the war years he was leader of the fundamental development group at the Massa- chusetts Institute of Technology radiation laboratory.

Dr. Bloch has been a professor of physics at Stanford University since 1945. He was born in Zurich, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Leipzig. He taught at Stanford from 1934 te 1941. worked with the Man- hattan District during the war